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Chinese Grammar: How To Use Determiners

Determiners are words that people use to indicate what person or object they are referring to.

Usually, they're used to count singular nouns (an arrow, a zebra, the house, the desk, my wife, etc.).

You can use 这 zhè and 那 nà as determiners when they're part of a noun phrase.

Subject Predicate
这(specify) ←是(copula/verb) 爸爸(noun)
↑我(short for 我的)

Examples:

This kind of food.

这種類型的食品.

Zhè zhǒnglèi xíng de shípǐn.

These four apples.

这四個蘋果.

Zhè sì gè píngguǒ.

Do you know this student?

你知道这名學生?

Nǐ zhīdào zhè míng xuéshēng?

Did she see these books?

她看見了这些書嗎?

Tā kànjiàn le zhèxiē shū ma?

That person is friendly.

人那是友好的.

Rén nà shì yǒuhǎo de.

He wants to see those movies.

他希望看到那些電影.

Tā xīwàng kàn dào nàxiē diànyǐng.

Is that pen yours?

那支筆是你的嗎?

Nà zhī bǐ shì nǐ de ma

Are those books of George?

那些書是喬治?

Nàxiē shū shì qiáozhì?

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