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Prepositions In Mandarin Chinese: Beginner's Guide

Prepositions in Chinese express a relationship (movement, time or position) between different words in a sentence.

They're more complex in Chinese than they are in English.

Below you'll find a list of the prepositions in Mandarin Chinese.

List of Simple Prepositions

EnglishChinese CharactersPinyin
according toàn
in accordance with按照Ànzhào
analogy, instance比方 Bǐfāng
such as 比如 Bǐrú
go to , get to, leave for Dào
In addition to, besides, apart from 除了 Chúle
after, as soon as Děng
to be opposite, to oppose Duì
to, forGěi
pertaining to, concerning, regarding, with regards to, about,關於 Guānyú
and, with
due to, because of, in view of 基於 Jīyú
after, though, as a result of 經過 Jīngguò
by, whit, will, shall Jiāng
concerning, on Jiù
to pass, to go through, process, course經過 Jīngguò
at once, only, just Jiù
from, without
example, precedent, rule, case, instance
each, every Měi
according to, as, as if, such as
like; same; similar; together; alike; with Tóng
through ,via透過 Tòuguò
to, towards, toward Wǎng
so as to爲了 Wèile
according to, in the light of依照 Yīzhào
to answer; to respond; to agree, should Yīng
due to ,because of, as a result of, owing to, thanks to由於 Yóuyú
to relate to; related to; to concern有關 Yǒuguān
in, on, at, to, for, of ,with regard to, in regard to, regarding
according to; in accordance with; to shine Zhào
until 直到 Zhídào
to arrive; most; to; until Zhì
as for; as to; to go so far as to至於 Zhìyú
from; self; since
since (a time); ever since自從 Zìcóng
towards; to face; to turn towards; direction Xiàng

Examples:

My mother has animals such as dogs and cats

我的母親有動物,如狗和貓

Wǒ de mǔqīn yǒu dòngwù, rú gǒu hé māo

I write (characters) with a pen.

那些们男孩很高興.

Wǒ xiě (zì) yòng gāngbǐ.

On the table

桌子上

Zhuōzi shàng

He goes to China by plane.

他去中國的飛機。

Tā qù zhōngguó de fēijī.


Author: Zoe Mei
"学一门语言,就是多一个观察世界的窗户。"
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