Pronouns In Mandarin Chinese: Beginner's Guide

Written byZoe Mei

Chinese pronouns work pretty much the same way as English and other languages.

One notable difference however is that the third person doesn't differentiate gender (only when written).

Below you'll find a list of all Chinese pronouns and their types.

These include:

  • Personal Pronouns
  • The Possessive Pronouns
  • The Reflexive Pronouns

Personal Pronouns

These are the first pronouns you'll learn in any Mandarin Chinese course.

English Chinese Pinyin
I , me
You (informal)
You (polite) nín
He, him
she, her
we, us 我们 wǒmen
you (plural) 你们 nǐmen
they, them (mas) 他们 tāmen
they, them (fem) 她们 tāmen
they, them (neutral) 它们 tāmen

Possessive Pronouns

This kind of pronouns has the same function in Chinese and English language. These pronouns are easy to make, you have to add 的 ("de"). There are some exceptions that are in literature.

English Chinese Pinyin
my 我的 wǒ de
your (informal) 你的 nǐ de
your (polite) 您的 nín de
his 他的 tā de
her 她的 tā de
it's 它的 tā de
our 我们的 wǒmen de
your (plural) 你们的 nǐmen de
their (mas) 他们的 tāmen de
their (fem) 她们的 tāmen de
their (neutral) 它们的 tāmen de

Reflexive Pronouns

These pronouns have the same use as English reflexive pronouns. You can make these pronouns by appending 自己 ("zìjǐ") to the pronouns. These pronouns are only for humans.

English Chinese Pinyin
myself 我自己 wǒ zìjǐ
yourself (informal) 你自己 nǐ zìjǐ
yourself (polite) 您自己 nín zìjǐ
himself 他自己 tā zìjǐ
herself 她自己 tā zìjǐ
ourselves 我们自己 wǒmen zìjǐ
yourself (plural) 你们自己 nǐmen zìjǐ
themself (mas) 自己 zìjǐ
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