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Chinese Grammar: How To Use Adjectives

Adjectives modify nouns by describing them.

Chinese adjectives are in some ways different to English adjectives, in part because you can use them as verbs.

Adjectives - 形容詞 - Xíngróngcí

Adjectives are one of the first and most important topics you'll cover when learning Mandarin Chinese. After all, you'll need to describe the world around you.

Examples in Chinese::

EnglishChinese CharactersPinyin
An ugly rat一個醜陋的老鼠 Yīgè chǒulòu de lǎoshǔ
A green house一個綠色的房子Yīgè lǜsè de fángzi
A fat woman一個胖女人Yīgè pàng nǚrén

Possessive Adjectives

In order to show possession, one may add "de" to personal pronouns as indicated below.

EnglishChinese CharactersPinyin
His他的 Tā de:
My Wǒ de :
Your你的 Nǐ de:
Theirs他們的 Tāmen de:
Ours我們的 Wǒmen de:
Her他的 Tā de :
MineWǒ de:
Yours你的 Nǐ de :

List of Adjectives in Chinese

EnglishChinese CharactersPinyin
Black黑色 Hēisè
BlueLán
Brown布朗 Bùlǎng
Gray灰色Huīsè
Green
OrangeChéng
Purple
Red Hóng
White Bái
Yellow黃河Huánghé
Sizes尺寸Chǐcùn
Big
Deep Shēn
Long Lóng
NarrowZhǎi
ShortǍi
Small, little小,小 Xiǎo, xiǎo
Tall Gāo
ThickHòu
ThinBáo
WideKuān
Shapes形狀Xíngzhuàng
Round回合 Huíhé
Straight Zhí
Square廣場Guǎngchǎng
Fat Pàng
Triangular三角形的Sānjiǎoxíng de
Old Lǎo
Young年輕 Niánqīng
Smart聰明 Cōngmíng
Slow Màn
Fast Kuài
Near Jìn
Far Yuǎn
Good Hǎo
Bad Huài
Pretty Měi
Light Qīng
DarkÀn

Examples:

My dad is eating.

我的爸爸在吃.

Wǒ de bà ba zài chī.

My mom's cooking.

我媽媽的烹飪.

Wǒ māmā de pēngrèn.

Your dog is dead.

你的狗死了.

Nǐ de gǒu sǐ le.

My table is broken.

我表壞了.

Wǒ de biǎo huài le.


Author: Zoe Mei
"学一门语言,就是多一个观察世界的窗户。"
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