As a continuation of our article on Chinese sentence patterns, here are 5 useful Chinese conjunctions that will help you in understanding Chinese sentence structure and how to string ideas together in a coherent sentence. The following examples were all taken from news that happened in the last 24 hours – click on the ‘Example’ links to view the original articles. Synonyms for each of the words have also been included and in most situations these words are interchangeable. If you have any questions or ideas about using these words then leave a comment below.
而且 Pinyin: ér qiě
English: in addition, furthermore
lǐ xiān shēng yù dào le yī jiàn guài shì: tā xí fù hǎo jǐ nián dōu bú kāi chē le, kě zài háo bú zhī qíng de qíng kuàng xià, jià zhào jìng bèi kòu le 6 fēn, ér qiě fá kuǎn qián dōu jiāo le
Mr Li discovered something strange, his daughter-in-law hadn’t driven for years, and was completely oblivious that she had received 6 penalty points on her driving licence, in addition the fine had also been paid
於是 （于是） Pinyin: yú shì
English: therefore, as a result, consequently
zhà piàn jí tuán jiǎ bàn chéng yuán jǐng shuō zhè míng fù rén shè xián xǐ qián, yào tā dào yín háng guì tái lǐng qián, zhè míng fù rén lǐng qián shí kàn dào guì tái páng de fǎn zhà piàn wén xuān, jīng jué zì jǐ shòu piàn, yú shì tòu guò zhǐ tiáo àn shì guì tái háng yuán
A group of scammers impersonating police officers told the woman she had been involved in money laundering, and requested that she go to the bank and withdraw money. When she was withdrawing the money she noticed an anti-fraud poster next to the counter and felt that she was in fact being cheated, as a result she used a piece of paper to secretly notify the bank employee
至於（至于） Pinyin: zhì yú
English: as for, regarding
zhì yú yǒu nǎ xiē ān quán wèn tí shì dà xué shēng jīng cháng fā shēng de nē? yǐ guó lì zhōng zhèng dà xué wéi lì, xué xiào fù jìn de fēng shōu pài chū suǒ jīng cháng chŭ lǐ de jiù shì xué shēng chē huò de yì wài shì jiàn.
As for which safety problems are most likely to affect university students, using Zhong Zheng University as an example, traffic accidents are the most frequent problem that the local police station has to deal with.
其實（其实） Pinyin: qí shí
English: actually, in fact
“wéi jī jiě mì” yŭ guó jì wŭ jiā zhī míng dà bào zài xiè mì shàng mì qiè hé zuò de nèi qíng zhōng yú gōng kāi, zhè xiē yuán bèi shì wéi bèi dòng jiē shòu jī mì zī liào de bào zhǐ, qí shí jī jí cān yŭ xiè mì guò chéng
The inside story about the close relationship in leaking secrets between “Wikileaks” and five well known international newspapers has finally been revealed, the newspapers, who were originally considered to be passively receiving classified information, were actually proactive participants in the leaking process
然而 Pinyin: rán ér
English: however, but, yet
dà bù fèn jū mín duì chū rù yán hán xuě dì dōu yǒu hěn duō jīng yàn. rán ér, měi nián qiū dōng qí jiān, yǒu xiē jià chē rén shì wǎng wǎng hū lüè dōng jì xuě dì jià chē xū yào zhù yì de shì xiàng.
Most residents have a lot of experience with going outside in severe snow conditions. However, every year in autumn and winter there are some drivers who frequently ignore the important points that winter drivers should take notice of.
Keep an eye out for more articles of this nature as we explore more important sentence structures and usage in coming weeks. If you have a preference about the type of areas you would like us to cover then we are always open to suggestions.