Chinese Grammar: How To Use Possessive Adjectives

Written byZoe Mei

Possessive adjectives differ depending on the person or thing they're referring to.

These are the words used in place of articles to indicate to whom or to what something belongs. They also agree with the noun in gender and number.

In Chinese, possessive adjectives are formed by adding the word 的 (DE) after the pronoun.

Pronoun + 的(DE) = Possessive Adjective

my我 的Wǒ de
your你 的Nǐ de
his他 的Tā de
her她 的Tā de
our我 们 的Wǒmen de
their他 们 的Tāmen de

Examples in Chinese:

My book is big.

我 的 书 大

Wǒ de shū dà.

My books are big.

我 的 书 都 是 大

Wǒ de shū dōu shì dà.

Your bike is red.

你 的 自 行 车 是 红 色 的

Nǐ de zìxíngchē shì hóngsè de.

His glasses are pretty.

他 的 眼 镜 是 漂 亮

Tā de yǎnjìng shì piàoliang.

Her blouse is pretty.

她 的 上 衣 很

Tā de shàngyī hěn.

Our school is great.

我 们 的 学 校 是 伟 大 的

Wǒmen de xuéxiào shì wěidà de.

Their house is blue.

他 们 的 房 子 是 蓝 色

Tāmen de fángzi shì lán sè.

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